Whistleblower/Retaliation Law Legal Citation Statute of Limitations* Intake Agency or Judicial Forum
Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) 29 U.S.C. 623(d) 180-300 days EEOC/state employment discrimination agency
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 42 U.S.C. 12203(a)

29 C.F.R. Part 1640

  EEOC/state employment discrimination agency
Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act of 1986 15 U.S.C. 2651 90 days DOL
Asbestos School Hazard Detection & Control Act 20 U.S.C. 3608    
Atomic Energy and Energy Reorganization Acts 42 U.S.C. 5851 180 days DOL/OSHA
Civil Rights Act of 1964 ("Title VII) 42 U.S.C. 2000e 180-300 days EEOC/state employment discrimination agency
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act 42 U.S.C. 1997d    
Civil Service Reform Act 5 U.S.C. 2302    
Civil Service Reform Act           (FBI employees) 5 U.S.C. 2303    
Civilian Employees of the Armed Forces 10 U.S.C. 1587   Secretary of Defense/OPM, MSPB
Civil War Reconstruction Era Federal Civil Rights Statutes 42 U.S.C. 1981,1983, 1985, 1985(2) (witness protection) Varies with state law Federal district court
Clean Air Act 42 U.S.C. 7622

29 C.F.R. Part 24

30 days DOL/OSHA
Coast Guard whistleblower protection 46 U.S. C. 2114   Federal District Court
Commercial Motor Vehicles Program 49 U.S.C. 31105 180 days DOL/OSHA
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act ("Super Fund"), 42 U.S.C. 9610

29 C.F.R. Part 24

30 days DOL/OSHA
Contractor Employees of the Armed Forces 10 U.S.C. 2409   Inspector General of contracting agency
Clayton Act (antitrust) 15 U.S.C. 615(a) 4 years-see 15 U.S.C. 15(b) Federal District Court
Employee Polygraph Protection Act 29 U.S.C. 2002
29 C.F.R. 801 et seq., esp. 801-40
3 years DOL/Federal District Court/State Court
Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) 29 U.S.C. 1132(a), 1140 3 years Federal District Court
Energy Reorganization Act 42 U.S.C. 5851    29 C.F.R. Part 24 180 days DOL/OSHA
Equal Pay Act


29 U.S.C. 206(d) 2 years (3 years if "wilful" violation) DOL or Federal District Court
Fair Labor Standards Act       (wage & hour, child labor, minimum wage, overtime) 29 U.S.C. 215(a)(3)

29 C.F.R. Part 783

2 years (3 years if "wilful" violation) DOL, Federal District Court, or state court
False Claims Act 31 U.S.C. 3730(h) 6 years (less in California & other jurisdictions) Federal District Court
Family and Medical Leave Act "[FMLA"] 29 U.S.C. 2615 2 years (3 years if "wilful" violation) DOL, Federal District Court, or state court
Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act 30 U.S.C. 815(c)   DOL/OSHA
Federal Credit Unions 12 U.S.C. 1790(b)   Federal District Court
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation 12 U.S.C. 1831j    
Federal Employers Liability Act (FELA) 45 U.S.C. 60    
Federal Home Loan Banks, Resolution Trust Corporation 12 U.S.C. 1441a    
Federal Mine Health and Safety Act 30 U.S.C. 815(c) 60 days DOL
Federal Railway Safety Act 45 U.S.C. 441
49 U.S.C. 20109
  National Railroad Adjustment Board
Foreign Service Act of 1980 22 U.S.C. 3905    
Hazardous Materials Transportation Act 49 U.S.C. 1801, enforced by 
45 U.S.C. 441(a), (e).
Jones Act (Maritime employees) 46 U.S.C. 688    
Job Training and Partnership Act (JTPA) 29 U.S.C. 1574(g)   DOL-but see 29 C.F.R. Part 37, 629.51, 37.11
Labor Management Relations Act 29 U.S.C. 301 Varies with state law, generally 180 days-15 years Federal District Court, but has exhaustion of remedies reqmt.
Lloyd-LaFollette Act 5 U.S.C. 7211    
Longshoreman’s and Harbor Worker’s Compensation Act 33 U.S.C. 948(a)   DOL
Major Fraud Act of 1989 18 U.S.C. 1031 None in statute  
Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Workers Protection Act 29 U.S.C. 1854, 1855 180 days DOL or Federal District Court
Military Whistleblower Protection Act 10 U.S.C. 1034    
National Labor Relations Act 29 U.S.C. 158(a)(4) 6 months NLRB
Occupational Safety and Health Act 29 U.S.C. 660(c)

29 C.F.R. Part 1977

None DOL-no private cause of action
Racketeer Influenced & Corrupt Organizations Act ("RICO")(very limited whistleblower applicability-see Beck v. Prupis, 120 S. Ct. 1608 (2000) 38 U.S.C. 1961-68   Federal District Court
Rehabilitation Act 29 U.S.C. 703     
29 C.F.R. 1614, 1641, Chapter 60
Safe Containers for International Cargo Act 46 U.S.C. 1506 60 days DOL
Safe Drinking Water Act 42 U.S.C. 300j-9 30 days DOL/OSHA
Sarbanes - Oxley 29 C.F.R. Part 1980 (2003) 90 dyas DOL/OSHA
Solid Waste Disposal Act 42 U.S.C. 6971
29 C.F.R. Part 24
30 days  
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act 30 U.S.C. 1293    
Surface Transportation Assistance Act (STAA) 49 U.S.C. 2305
29 C.F.R. Part 1978
180 days DOL
Toxic Substances Control Act 15 U.S.C.2622     
29 C.F.R. Part 24
30 days DOL/OSHA
Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act of 1994 38 U.S.C. 4301, et seq.    
Veterans Reemployment Rights Act, 38 U.S.C. 4311(b) 38 U.S.C. 4311(b)    
Water Pollution Control Act ("Clean Water Act"). 33 U.S.C.1367
29 C.F.R. Part 24
30 days DOL/OSHA
Welfare and Pensions Disclosure Act 29 U.S.C. 1140 3 years Federal District Court
Whistleblower Protection Act (federal government employees) 5 U.S.C. 1212    
Workforce Investment Act ("Welfare to Work") 29 U.S.C. 1574(g) or 29 U.S.C. 2934(f)   DOL-but see 29 C.F.R. Part 37, 629.51, 637.11

* Disclaimer: WARNING: Do not rely upon this table for legal advice. This summary table is provided for information only and to assist in legal research. It is not warranted to be accurate in any respect and is incomplete in a number of categories. This table and this website cannot replace the need for independent legal advice from your own lawyer regarding where, when, and how your claim can be brought or if you can purse any legal remedies at all.  Further, the statutes of limitations herein may not be accurate, may not apply to your case or situation, may no longer be applicable, and, like any employment-related law, are always subject to change at any time, whether by an act of Congress, change in agency rules, case law development in the courts, or changing facts in your own case.

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Last revision: April 03, 2009 06:27 AM
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